So first of all, let's see what 1st house/Ascendant represents -
1st house/Ascendant is your self, physique, personality, overall health, life path and head in human body etc.
Now, what does it mean to have 1st house lord in 1st house?
It means the planet which rules/controls/owns the 1st house/Ascendant of your horoscope is sitting in the same house/Ascendant.
Now, what is the impact of having 1st house lord in 1st house?
Its very generic impact is that person's focus through-out life is upon himself. This person is all concerned about how he is looking, how is his overall health, what kind of progress he is doing in life, taking care of himself. They strive hard for advancing on their life and they do. Now, this position also means that planet is sitting in its own sign in 1st house. So, it will provide strength to 1st house. That means they will have a good health. Even if they will get sick or get hurt somehow, they will get healed quicker than others. Planet is providing force to them to advance on their life path and promises growth.
But this generic impact is seen in different ways for different individuals as per the different Zodiac Sign and the Planet which sits in to 1st house as the lord of that particular sign. Also, results may be different due to aspect, conjunctions of other planets or the planet being Retrograde or Combust. So again, Overall Chart Reading is important.
For now, let's see how different planets will behave differently as Ascendant Lord in Ascendant.
Sun - Suppose it is a Leo Ascendant chart and Sun rules & sits in the 1st house/Ascendant. This person progress in life through Authority. This person wants to be treated like King/Queen. He will be most offended if someone ignores him or his words. They want appreciation. They want focus and want themselves as center of attention. For this reason specifically, it is better for these people to work for themselves rather than working for others. It is not their cup of tea to take orders from others due to high ego level. But at the same time, if enough hard work is done, this position can bring great fame specially during Sun Mahadasha.
Moon - So it is Cancer Ascendant Chart and Moon rules/sits in the 1st house. It shows a person who is emotional, nourishing and caring. Though this person is emotional but as Moon is strong in its own sign that means emotions are balanced. Others can't take benefit of this person emotionally. Though this person wants to be caring and nourishing for everyone but at the same time his emotions get easily hurt by other's views/opinions, so in a negative sense, this person will always be checking what others are saying about him.
Mars - Mars can be Ascendant ruler through its two signs. So, let's take both one after the other.
Aries Ascendant - So if Mars is lord of Ascendant through Aries sign and sits in Ascendant, then this person is a go-getter type of. He is very action oriented. He wants to finish the job ASAP. So, this person can take orders from others. They are very head-strong and strong-willed people. They have great courage to fight through the problems of life-path and win over them. As Mars also rules the 8th house for Aries Ascendant through Scorpio Sign, it shows that sudden events and transformation become part of their life path and they successfully go through all the trauma to achieve the goals.
Scorpio Ascendant - Now if Mars is lord of Ascendant through Scorpio sign and sits in Ascendant, then this person is more secretive than Aries Ascendant person. They will also like to achieve the goals but they would like to do it so secretively that none could know about it. They never want their life and actions to come out in public. As a Scorpio Ascendant, they should be ready for a life full of changes and transformation. Now for Scorpions, Mars rules 6th house of disputes, diseases and obstacles too. So, these people face lots of obstacles in their way to achieve their goals but as Mars is in its own sign and in 1st house which is house of Aries originally, so it becomes a triple Mars energy, hence no matter how much obstacles come in way, they always attain their goals with determined actions.
Mercury - Mercury also can be Ascendant ruler through its two signs. So, let's take both one after the other.
Gemini Ascendant - If Mercury is Ascendant Lord through its Gemini sign and sits in Ascendant, then this person is very communicative by nature. He wants people to communicate with him. He is full of ideas, specially business ideas. He is fun loving, playful and likes to be among friends. For him, Life is a Party. For Gemini Ascendant, Mercury also rules the 4th house through Virgo sign. It shows that person has molded himself into the nature of his mother. It also shows someone who likes to deal in real estate, but for this Mars' (karaka of real estate) position is also important.
Virgo Ascendant - If Mercury is Ascendant Lord through its Virgo sign and sits in Ascendant, then it is serious nature of Mercury. Now Mercury is not only in its own sign but also in its exalted sign. This Mercury means business. No more fun and playing around. They are highly practical, perfectionist, analytical and critical. Even in matters of marriage, they will look at the benefits spouse is bringing to them. As Mercury also rules the 10th house for Virgo Ascendant, these people are very much career oriented. Whatever they do, they will do only for some interest/purpose. They become very good managers.
Venus - Venus also can be Ascendant ruler through its two signs. So, let's take both one after the other.
Taurus Ascendant - If Venus is Ascendant Lord through its sign Taurus and sits in Ascendant then this person is all about beauty, luxuries and conveniences of life. They are very beautiful and they want to look beautiful. Their constant worry is how they are looking and if their physique is perfect. Money is huge for these people as Taurus is sign of wealth and assets & Venus itself represents Money. So, they are always about living the most luxurious and lavish life style. For Taurus Ascendant, Venus also rules 6th house of diseases and obstacles. So, diseases related to Venus like Sugar and Kidney comes to them but as Ascendant Lord is in Ascendant itself, they get healed quickly.
Libra Ascendant - If Venus is Ascendant Lord through its sign Libra and sits in Ascendant then this person is all about relationship and at the same time keeps the basic characters of Venus in personality like beauty and desire of luxurious life. Libra Ascendant people can't remain without relationship and when Venus is in 1st house, that desire becomes too high but again Venus rules the 8th house through Taurus sign. So, these people face sudden events and transformation in their life path but as Venus is strong in its own sign, they come out of transformative circumstances successfully.
Jupiter - Jupiter also can be Ascendant ruler through its two signs. So, let's take both one after the other.
Sagittarius Ascendant - If Jupiter is Ascendant Lord through its sign Sagittarius and sits in Ascendant then this person is highly philosophical and religious. They want to guide people through their own philosophies and wisdom. They are like a Guru to all. At the same time, Jupiter in Ascendant gives obesity. As Jupiter also rules 4th house for Sagittarius Ascendant through its sign Pisces, it shows that person's mother had a huge impact on his own personality and developing it as a philosophical and religious person. It also shows gain of wealth through Mother or Home.
Pisces Ascendant - If Jupiter is Ascendant Lord through its sign Pisces and sits in Ascendant then Jupiter takes shape of Spiritual planet. This person is all about spirituality. This person has dealt with all the dogmas and found no peace in them. He is very much in Spiritual Field of work as Jupiter also rules the 10th house through Sagittarius sign. In this case, father molds the personality of native. These are real spiritual guides around.
Saturn - Saturn also can be Ascendant ruler through its two signs. So, let's take both one after the other.
Capricorn Ascendant - If Saturn is Ascendant Lord through its sign Capricorn and sits in Ascendant then this person attains everything in life through hard work and struggle. Dedication, Determination and Hard Work are the keys for these people in whatever they do in life. They can feel body and joint pains during Saturn MD and AD. It is not that they live a troublesome life but in 1st half of life they have to struggle a lot, specially till 36 years of age. They have to put their best effort, then only they can hope to achieve anything in 1st half of life and once they do it, Saturn blesses them with more than what they ever expected. Saturn also rules their 2nd house of wealth. So, they and their wealth are both ruled by Saturn and it being in Ascendant means through their self effort only, they can achieve the great wealth in life. Another position where they can prosper more in having their own work.
Aquarius Ascendant - If Saturn is Ascendant Lord through its sign Aquarius and sits in Ascendant then here Saturn relaxes a bit, but only a bit, as it is Saturn's Mool Trikon Sign. These people are all about making things better for others. They have innovative ideas but those ideas are always for making life of others more convenient. Of course, they will also gain through it but basic motivation is making a difference to the world. They run large organisations or lead large group of people for the common higher goals. As Saturn also rules 12th house of Foreign Lands/Isolated Places/MNCs, mostly these people are seen for working in big corporation in foreign lands.
Rahu - If Rahu is Ascendant Lord through its sign Aquarius, as it co-rules Aquarius along with Saturn, and sits in Ascendant then 1st of all we need to make sure of Saturn's position as it is the main ruler. Then, Rahu in Aquarius in Ascendant shows a person who is very much involved in Scientific and Technological Research for the betterment of Society. They are the real born scientists of this world. They will make things like Smart Phones and change the world. But having Rahu in Ascendant shows that in early part of life they always throw an illusion about themselves to people. Nobody knows their true nature because they themselves don't know. Rahu in 1st house makes a person illusive about his own self in early life.
Ketu - Likewise, If Ketu is Ascendant Lord through its sign Scorpio, as it co-rules Scorpio along with Mars, and sits in Ascendant then again we need to make sure of Mars' position as it is the main ruler. Then, Ketu in Scorpio in Ascendant shows a Super Psychic as Ketu is Karaka of Mysticism and Scorpio is sign of Occult and Mysticism. These people are the most intuitive Occult Practitioners and born with the ability to see through the soul of people. At the same time, Ketu in 1st house shows a person who is suffering from lack of self worth. They don't realize their own self worth till other people (7th house-Rahu there) make them realize it.
Hope this covers maximum points and is helpful.
Vishal S Saxena - Astrologer.
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